Scotland does not yet have its own official anthem – to date the Scottish Parliament has not considered it a political priority to select and approve one. But at most sporting events (apart from the Olympics, when the UK national anthem “God Save the Queen” is used) the “Flower of Scotland” anthem is performed for participating Scottish teams and has been used as the Commonwealth victory anthem. Games since 2010, replacing “Scotland the Brave”.
who wrote and composed ‘Flower of Scotland’?
The song and lyrics were composed as recently as the mid-1960s by Roy Williamson of folk group The Corries (although its opening phrase has been remarked to bear a striking resemblance to Verdi’s Hebrew Slave Chorus of Nabuco. The band first performed it in 1967 for BBC television, deliberately presenting it in an almost archaic style with Roy Williamson on bouzouki and Ronnie Brown on bodhran (frame drum). The lyrics refer to the victory of the Scots, under the leadership of Robert the Bruce, over Edward II of England at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.
The song caught the ear of Scotland rugby union winger Billy Steele, and he encouraged his teammates to sing it during the British Lions’ tour of South Africa in 1974. The song subsequently adopted as the pre-match anthem for the 1990 Five Nations Championship, and in 1997 the Scottish Football Association made it the official national pre-match anthem, the song having already been used informally since 1993 .
Scottish National Anthem, lyrics to ‘Flower of Scotland’
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